The Old Mills of Heywood: P-R

Perseverance Mill, Green Lane.

You can also find information about the following mills on this interactive map.




Park Mill (originally River Street Mill)
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
River Street, Hooley Brow
1848: Not present on OS map
1871 directory: Brocklehurst William & Co. (manufacturers), River street mill Hooley brow.
1890: Marked on OS map as unnamed cotton mill.
1922 directory: Operated by Kershaw, A.
1928: Named on OS map as Park Mill (cotton).
1937: Marked on OS map as ‘disused’.
1957: Marked on OS map as Park Mill (cotton).
2018: Building still present and in use.

Park Mill, OS map, 1930.

Park Street Mill
Cotton spinning
Park Street, Hopwood
1847: Not present on OS map.
1875 directory: Hoyle John, Park street mill, Heywood.
1888 directory: Park Street Cotton Spinning Co. Limited, Park Street Mill, Hopwood.
1891 directory: Park Street Cotton Spinning Co, Limited (and doublers), Park street; 41,000 spindles, 408/801, weft, 608 twist.
1922 directory: Park Street Spinning Co.
1937: Marked on OS map as Cotton Mill.
1947: Not present on OS map.

Park Street Mill, OS map, 1907.

Paved Brow New Mill
Cotton spinning
South Street, Wham Bar
1847: Marked on OS map as Paved Brow New Mill (cotton). Paved Brow Old Mill is across the street.
1850 directory: Chadwick & Diggle, Paved Brow Mills, and 12 Hodson's court, Manchester.
1850 directory: Chadwick Hugh & Jacob, Paved brow Mills, and 12 Hodson's court, Manchester.
1871 directory: Lund John and Sons, Paved-brow mills (cotton spinners).
1880: Petty & Stott, cotton doublers and manufacturers, Mills Street Mill. It is likely that 'Mills Street Mill' refers to either Paved Brow Old Mill or Paved Brow New Mill, as they are the only mills on that street at this time.
1880 directory: Barker William & David, cotton manufacturers, Paved Brow Mill.
1880 directory: Lund John & Sons, cotton spinners, Paved Brow Mill.
1888 directory: Stott Joseph, Paved Brow Mills.
1891 directory: Thomas Sheppard, 16,000 spindles, sewing, knitting and mending cottons, and grandrelle tie and selvage yarns.
1907: Marked on OS map as ‘wallpaper’ works.
1928: Marked on OS map as ‘disused’.
1937: Building not present on OS map.

Paved Brow New Mill, OS map, 1928.

Paved Brow Old Mill - see Excel Mill

Peel Street Mills
Cotton spinning
Peel Street
1841 directory: Kay Richard, cotton spinner, Peel St; h. Vale cottage.
1851: Marked on OS map as Peel Street Mill (cotton).
1871 directory: Kay Richard and Brother, Peel street mills (cotton spinners).
1880 directory: Kay Richard & Bros., cotton spinners, Peel Street Mills.
1891 directory: Richard Kay and Brother, 41,000 spindles, 41/501, mule twist, hosiery, &c.
1922 directory: Kay, R & Bro.
1928: Marked on OS map as Cotton Mill.
1937: Not present on OS map.

Peel Street Mills, OS map, 1929.

Perseverance Iron Works
Iron works
Bank Street
1848: Building not present on OS map. Mount Pleasant Chapel on this site.
1880 directory: Whittaker J. & G., engineers and millwrights, Perseverance Iron Works, Bank Street.
1891: Building marked on OS map as Flannellette Works.
1907: Building still present on OS map.
1928: Building not present on OS map.

Bank Street, OS map, 1891.

Perseverance Mill
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
Cross Street
1860s: Established by Co-op as spinning and weaving mill.
1880 directory: Heywood Spinning Co., Limited, cotton spinners, Perseverance Mill; James Haworth, manager; F. Greaves, secretary.
1891 directory: Heywood Cotton Spinning and Manufacturing Co, Limited, 20,352 ring spindles, 128/408.
1922 directory: Heywood and Roe Acre.
1937: Marked on OS map as Cotton Mill.
1986: Building present on OS map.
2018: Building no longer present.

Perseverance Mill, OS map, 1929.

Phoenix Brewery
Brewery
Green Lane
1848: No buildings here, but part of this site is marked on an OS map as a brickfield.
1890: Marked on OS as Phoenix Brewery.
1956: Marked on OS map as Phoenix Brewery (disused).
1991: Micro-brewery opened at the site.
2018: Building still present and in use as brewery.

Phoenix Brewery, OS Map, 1907.

Phoenix Foundry
Foundry
Bury New Road, Heap Bridge
1820s: Company set up by William Kay in Bury.
1860s: Became James C. Kay & Co. Ltd.
Circa 1900: Phoenix Foundry opened at Heap Bridge.
1947: Marked on OS map as Phoenix Foundry.
1957: Marked on OS map as 'Works'.
2018: Parts of building still present, still in use for plastics manufacturing.

Phoenix Foundry, OS Map, 1937.

Phoenix Mill Cotton spinning and manufacturing
John Street/Clarke Street
1848: Not present on OS map.
1871 directory: Smith James (maker of Grandrelle yarns, and dealer in coloured tie yarns for bundles) Phoenix mill. John street (cotton spinner and manufacturer).
1880 directory: Smith James, dyer and maker of grandrelle yarns, Phoenix mill, John Street; h. Starkey Street.
1891 directory: James Smith and Sons, Limited (grandrelle doublers, dyers, winders and warpers), John street; 12,000 spindles, 68/1208 two fold; Dye Works, Marland, near Rochdale. Phoenix Mills, Tattersall James and Sons, Limited, Victoria and Gregge Street Mills; 38,000 spindles, 169/448 weft, 128/288 warp; and at Pitfield Mills, Bamford; Manchester office-14, Brown street.
1922 directory: Smith, James & Son.
1927: Marked on OS map as Cotton Mill.
1937: Building not present on OS map.

Phoenix Mill, OS map, 1907.

Pilsworth Bleach Works
Bleaching
Brightley Brook, Pilsworth, Bury
1847: Morris's Mill (fustian) is at this site.
1880 directory: Buckley W. E. & Co., bleachers and finishers, Pilsworth Bleach works.
1893: Marked on OS map as Pilsworth Bleach Works. This is a new building.
1956: Marked on OS map as Pilsworth Bleach Works.
Buildings demolished by 2000.

Pilsworth Bleach Works, OS map, 1939.

Pilsworth Clough Mill
Woollen, later bleach works
Brightley Brook, Pilsworth Clough, Bury
1893: Marked on OS map as Pilsworth Clough Mill (woollen).
1928: Marked on OS map as Pilsworth Clough Mill (woollen finishing).
1939: Marked on OS map as Pilsworth Clough Mill (disused).
1956: Marked on OS map as Bleach Works.
Buildings demolished by 2000.

Pilsworth Clough Mill, OS map, 1957.

Pitfield Mill
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
Wheelbarrow Lane, Birtle-cum-Bamford
1847: Marked on OS map as Pit Field Mill (cotton).
1871 directory: Tattersall James, Victoria and Gregge street mills, Pitfield mills, Bamford, and 27a, Fountain street, Manchester (cotton spinners).
1890: Marked on OS map as Pitfield Mills.
1891 directory: Phoenix Mills, Tattersall James and Sons, Limited, Victoria and Gregge Street Mills; 38,000 spindles, 169/448 weft, 128/288 warp; and at Pitfield Mills, Bamford; Manchester office-14, Brown street.
1908: Marked on OS map as Pitfield Mill (cotton).
1938: Still marked on OS map.
1956: Buildings not present on OS map.

Pitfield Mill, OS map, 1890.

Plantation Mill (aka Carr Parker)
Cotton waste spinning
Killgate Brook, Ashworth Moor
1853: Built near Cheesden Lumb Mill for George Parker. Traded in later years as Carr, Parker and Company.
1891: Closed during this year. Marked on OS map as Plantation Mill (disused).
1908: Buildings not present on OS map.

Plantation Mill, OS map, 1891.

Plum Mill
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
Broadfield1906: Opened as Plum Tickle Mill.
1922 directory: Plum Mill Ltd.
1959: Ceased production as a result of reorganisation of the cotton industry.
1978: Demolished.

Plum Mill, OS map, 1928.

Poor Peg Mill - see Woodfield Mill

Princess Mills
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
Gregge Street, Hopwood
1888 directory: Gleave John & Co. Spring Mill, Bury Old rd. & Princess Mill, Gregge St.
1888 directory: Hopwood (The) Manufacturing Co. Princess Mill, Gregg St. Hopwood.
1891 directory: Hopwood Manufacturing Co, Hopwood; 450 looms, calicoes, twills, long cloths and sheetings.
1891: John Gleave and Co, Princess and Hooley Bridge Mills; 654 looms, sheetings, twills, T cloths and mexicans.
1922 directory: Brookfield Manufacturing.
1957: Marked on OS map as cotton mill.
1970: Still present on OS map.
1986: Not present on OS map.

Princess Mill, OS map, 1907.

RAF No.35 Maintenance Unit
Engineering
Pilsworth Road, Broadfield
1938: Established on 167 acres with its own railway sidings.
1967: Closed.

At one point this was the biggest employer in Heywood, with 3,000 workers. It was never marked on Ordnance Survey maps, for security reasons. After the Maintenance Unit was closed, Pilsworth Industrial Estate was built on this site.

RAF No.35 Maintenance Unit

Railway Street Mill
Cotton spinning
Railway Street/Cross Street
1871 directory: Diggle, Hoyle & Wood, Railway street mill (cotton spinners).
1880 directory: Diggle, Hoyle, & Wood, cotton spinners, Railway Street Mill.
1891 directory: Thomas Isherwood, Foundry Street and Railway Street Mills; 17,000 spindles, 68/248.
1891: Marked on OS map as Cotton Mill.
1922: Still in operation.
1938: Building not present on OS map.

Railway Street Mill, OS map, 1928.

Railway Wagon Building Works
Engineering
Green Lane
1863: Established by Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company, shortly after the opening of rail lines through Heywood. It later became the Standard Railway Wagon Company.
1992: Closed, making 60 workers redundant.

Railway Wagon Works, OS Maps, 1907.

Rainshore Lower Mill
Woollen
Rainshore
1848: Marked on OS map as Rainshore Mills (fulling).
1890: Marked on OS map as Rainshore Lower Mill (fulling).
1891 directory: William and Robert Lord, Rainshore Low Mill.
1908: Marked on OS map as Rainshore Lower Mill (disused).
1923: Building not marked on OS map, possibly gone.
1938: Building not present on OS map.

Rainshore mills, OS map, 1890.

Rainshore Upper Mill
Dyeing and bleaching, originally woollen
Rainshore
1848: Marked on OS map as Rainshore Mills (fulling).
1890: Marked on OS map as Rainshore Upper Mill (fulling).
1891 directory: James and Samuel Lord, Rainshore Higher Mill.
1908: Marked on OS map as Rainshore Upper Mill (bleaching).
1923: Marked on OS map as Rainshore Bleach and Dye Works. Buildings have been expanded.
1961: Marked on OS map as Works.
The mill was demolished after 2005.


Red Lumb Mill
Cotton
Boyd’s Brook, Red Lumb
1848: Marked on OS map as Red Lumb Mill (cotton).
1928: Marked on OS map as Red Lumb Mill (cotton).
1938: Marked on OS map as Red Lumb Mill.
1963: Marked on OS map as Mill.
1969: Marked on OS mill as Warehouse.
1988: Marked on OS mill as Mill.
2005: Converted into luxury flats by this time.
2018: Building still present.

Red Lumb Mill, OS map, 1848.

Rhodes Mill
Manufacturing
Miller Street
1890: Building not present on OS map.
1907: Present on OS map.
In later years, both this mill and the adjacent Woodfield (Poor Peg) Mill were run by Tedson & Thornley, manufacturers of industrial gloves. The gloves were made and sewn in Rhodes Mill, and then transferred to Woodfield Mill for ‘dipping’ in the rubber solution. Tedley & Thornley were a Rochdale-based company who made a range of 'Andy' gloves in other mills.
2018: Building still present and in use for building and plumbing supplies business.

Rhodes Mill, lower left, OS Map, 1907.

River Street Mill - see Park Mill

Roach Mill (aka Makin Mill)
Cotton spinning, originally woollen
River Roch, Back o’th’ Moss
1637: Corn mill on this site by this time, owned by Roger Makon.
1762: Fulling taking place here, tenters close by.
1780: Converted for cotton by Peel, Yates and Co.
1829 directory: Edmund Peel, Makeant Mill.
1841 directory: Edmund Peel, cotton spinner, Makent Mills.
1860s: Mill rebuilt.
1871 directory: Jameson Joseph (fustians), Roach Mill (cotton spinner and manufacturer).
1880 directory: Roach Mill Spinning and Manufacturing Co., Limited, Peel Lane; Frederick B. Jameson, secretary and manager.
1891 directory: Roach Mill Spinning and Manufacturing Co, Limited, Roach Mill; 43,000 spindles.
1957: Marked on OS map as Roach Mill (cotton).
1970s: Mill largely derelict but some parts being used by small businesses.
1983: Demolished.

Roach Mill, OS map, 1929.

Roe Acre Dye Works
Dye
Rochdale Road East
1907: Not present on OS map.
1928: Named on OS map.
1980s: Building present.
2018: Building not present.

Roeacre mills, OS map, 1929.

Roe Acre Mill (cotton)
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
Green Lane
1821 directory: Founded by Silvester Litton.
1841 directory: Hartley Wm. cotton spinner & fustian manfr. New York & Roe Acre mills.
1848: Marked on OS map as Roe-acre (cotton).
1871 directory: Hartley William and Sons (fustians), Roe-Acre mills, and 23 New Cannon street, Manchester (cotton spinners).
1880 directory: Hartley William & Sons, cotton spinners and manufacturers, Roe Acre Mill.
1880 directory: Holt Thomas, waste dealer, Roe Acre Mill; h. Green Lane, Hopwood,
1888 directory: Hartley William & Sons, cotton spinners and manufacturers, Roe Acre Mill.
1891 directory: Roe Acre Mill Co, Limited, 30,000 spindles, 68/328. Pay day third Wednesday.
1997: Building demolished.


Rose Hill Mill (aka Victory Mill)
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
Bury Street
1850s: Built for Charles Welsh, cotton spinner and manufacturer.
By 1861: John Coupe had taken over operations at the mill, and by 1882 he had formed a limited company ‘John Coupe & Co Ltd’.
1891:John Coupe and Co., 9,996 spindles, 208/508; 573 looms, twills, satins, velvets, &c.
1922: Coupe, J.
1928: Marked on OS map as Cotton Mill.
1937: Marked on OS map as ‘disused’.
1957: Marked on OS map as Cotton Waste Mill. Part of mill expanded as ‘Victory Works’.
2009: Mill destroyed by fire.
2018: Building no longer present.

Rose Hill Mill, OS map, 1929.

   References   
  • Barrett’s 1880 Directory of Bury, Heywood, Ramsbottom, Radcliffe and Pilkington.
  • Commercial Directory and Shippers Guide, 1875. 
  • Hannah Haynes, HeywoodChalford Publishing, 1997. 
  • Heap’s 1850 Directory of Bur
  • Heywood Advertiser (various dates). 
  • Heywood Living Memories
  • John Hudson, Heywood in Old Photographs, Sutton Publishing 1994. 
  • Ordnance Survey maps (various).
  • Pigot and Co.’s national commercial directory for 1828-29. 
  • Pigot and Co.’s Royal National and Commercial Directory of August 1841
  • AV Sandiford and TE Ashworth, The Forgotten ValleyBury and District Local History Society, 1981. 
  • Slater’s 1888 Directory of Bury, Heywood, Radcliffe and Ramsbottom. 
  • Worrall’s 1871 Directory of Bury, Bolton and district. 
  • Worrall's Cotton Spinners & Manufacturers Directory for Lancashire 1891. 

No comments:

Post a Comment