The next record of people we have from this time is in the Domesday Book (AD 1086), which mentions Radcliffe and Rochdale (then called Recedham). At the time of Domesday, Rochdale was a small town, sitting on the main route over the Pennines from Yorkshire towards the Mersey. A second route to the north probably came through Bolton and Bury. The large parish of Rochdale then included Todmorden and Bacup. Rochdale also had a castle, suggesting that it was an important local centre.
(See Open Domesday here)
The Anglo-Danish nobleman (or 'thegn') who held Rochdale at the time of Domesday was called Gamel (a Scandinavian name). He was based in Elland, in West Yorkshire. A Rochdale-based viking lord would have had political power over the people living in an extended area around it, but there is no evidence to show that the land that now makes up modern Heywood was even populated pre-Domesday.
- Beaker th’ Moss?: Bronze Age Heywood: How archaeological evidence shows us that Bronze Age people were living - and dying - in the local district up to 4,000 years ago.
- What Did the Romans Ever Do For Heywood?: What evidence is there that the Roman Empire touched the local area during the Roman occupation of Britain?
- The Roman Coins of Hooley Wood: How 19th-century labourers found and practically destroyed a large hoard of Roman coins in Heywood.
- The Birth of Heywood: How 'Heywood' was created as a place within Bury during the 13th century.
- Dating the Heywood Charter: Do we know when the 'Heywood Charter' that created Heywood was actually signed?