This timeline of the history of Heywood is a work in progress. It is intended to be as accurate as possible, and suggested corrections or additions are welcome.
Pre - A.D. 1270 7th century: Middleton is thought to have been settled by this time.1086: Rochdale recorded in the Domesday Book as Recedham.1164: Heywood family recorded in local area.1183: Records for Ashworth start around this time.1197: Reference to Birtle in records.12th century: Hopwood family recorded at site of current Hopwood Hall.1210: Reference to hamlets of Lumhalghs (Lomax) and Hep (Heap) in records.1260: Land at Pilsworth granted to William de Radcliffe. 1270-1600 1260s-70s: Adam de Bury grants land to Peter de Heywood during this time.1278: William del Bridge granted land near Bury.1292: Reference to Hoppewode in records13th century: Bamford family living in Bamford area.13th century: Peter de Heywood builds Heywood Hall.13th century: Woollen mill recorded at Bamford16th century: Woollen mill recorded at Bridge Hal…
The Monkey Puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana) is not a common sight in Monkey Town. The rather exotic spiked trunk and winding branches always caught the attention of local children, and two in particular that stuck in the memory were the trees in a front garden on Heywood Hall Road (which was on the route to Queen’s Park for many people).
One well-remembered aspect of these trees was the superstition surrounding them. Some parents actually told their children to be quiet as they passed the tree, various reasons being that they would have bad luck or lose something, or in some cases even grow a monkey’s tail! This led those children who actually wanted a monkey’s tail to shout out as they passed by the trees.
Superstitions about the Monkey Puzzle tree can be found throughout Britain. One widely-shared bit of folklore is that the Devil himself sits in this tree and people have to be quiet when walking past or else they will attract the Devil’s attention and get bad luck. In some cases …
Park Mill (originally River Street Mill)
Cotton spinning and manufacturing
River Street, Hooley Brow
1848: Not present on OS map
1871 directory: Brocklehurst William & Co. (manufacturers), River street mill Hooley brow.
1890: Marked on OS map as unnamed cotton mill.
1922 directory: Operated by Kershaw, A.
1928: Named on OS map as Park Mill (cotton).
1937: Marked on OS map as ‘disused’.
1957: Marked on OS map as Park Mill (cotton).
2018: Building still present and in use.
Park Street Mill
Park Street, Hopwood
1847: Not present on OS map.
1875 directory: Hoyle John, Park street mill, Heywood.
1888 directory: Park Street Cotton Spinning Co. Limited, Park Street Mill, Hopwood.
1891 directory: Park Street Cotton Spinning Co, Limited (and doublers), Park street; 41,000 spindles, 408/801, weft, 608 twist.
1922 directory: Park Street Spinning Co.
1937: Marked on OS map as Cotton Mill.
1947: Not present on OS…